Philodendrons are one of the most popular houseplants, and for good reason. These plants have stunning foliagsoie and are rather easy to care for, which means they are a good choice for novice gardeners.
Additionally, with all the different Philodendron types available, you can choose the variety that works best for your needs. For example, there are Philodendron varieties that work well for small spaces and even some that love the shade.
So keep reading to see which one would be the next best addition to your houseplant collection!
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There are currently over 400 different recognized Philodendron types, some of these are more rare than others. While each cultivar has its own unique attributes, most of the Philodendron types share the same or similar growing requirements.
The Philodendron Brasil is a cultivar of the Heartleaf Philodendron, and its botanical name is Philodendron hederaceum ‘Brasil’. This cultivar features foliage splashed with a lime-green variegation. It is this coloring that gives the leaves a similar appearance to the Brazilian flag, thus the name Brasil Philodendron.
Philodendron Brasil is a vining plant, producing long stems that do well when it has a pole to climb up. Alternatively, it can be grown in a hanging basket so that its vines hang down.
Philodendron Rio is a genetic mutation of the Philodendron Brasil. It has variegated leaves in hues of cream and silver. The leaves of this cultivar tend to grow a bit longer than other Philodendron hederaceum types.
The Philodendron Rio is considered a rare cultivar, which means it may have a higher price tag than the more common types. Additionally, it is a relatively new variety, being on the market for only about a decade.
Philodendron Micans is a climbing variety that has deep green to rich purple coloring and new leaves emerge edged with a pink hue. The heart-shaped, iridescent foliage has a velvety feel to them, and they can reach up to 20 inches when fully mature. The full mature size of this variety is about 8 inches tall with stems that can reach about 4 feet long.
Like other Philodendrons, Micans need at least 6 hours of bright indirect light. You should also make sure that the temperature is mild and warm, falling between 65 and 80 degrees with a humidity level of above 40-percent.
The Philodendron Birkin is a newer variety, and produces large, dark green foliage that is covered in creamy white pinstripe-like streaks. It is this unique pattern that makes the Birkin a sought after plant. In fact, each leaf emerges completely different than the last one.
The Philodendron Birkin typically grows about 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide. However, you will need to ensure this plant has its ideal growing requirements to reach this size.
As its name suggests, the Philodendron Giganteum produces extremely large leaves that are shaped like a heart and resemble large elephant ear plants. The leaves of this Philodendron variety can grow up to 4 to 5 feet tall and 3 feet across.
Along with growing large leaves, the Philodendron Giganteum has a fast growth rate, and those who have experience with this plant have said it seems like you can see the leaves grow bigger with each passing day.
Philodendron Imperial Green
The Philodendron Imperial Green is named for its glossy green foliage that has a smooth texture. These large leaves grow in a fan-like manner, which creates a stunning display for any home. It can grow up to 47 inches tall when mature and spread out to about 35 inches wide.
The Philodendron Imperial Green needs bright, indirect sun and regular waterings to ensure it grows healthy and happy. Avoid placing this plant in direct sunlight as it can burn and scorch its leaves.
Painted Lady Philodendron
The Painted Lady Philodendron produces chartreuse-colored leaves adorned with vibrant pink petioles. When the new leaves emerge, they are bright yellowish green, which will darken as the plant matures. These leaves typically grow up to 7 inches and feature a bright yellow splatter-like pattern.
This Philodendron variety has a slow growth rate, and can take about five years for it to reach full maturity. You must ensure the plant is receiving its basic needs if you want it to live for years to come.
Philodendron Thai Sunrise
If you’re looking for one of the rarest Philodendron types, then look no further than the Philodendron Thai Sunrise. This variegated variety produces long leaves that have dark green and light green coloration. These shiny leaves grow 7 to 10 inches long and have an elongated shape.
Like other Philodendron varieties, the Philodendron Thai Sunrise needs bright light, but you should never subject it to direct light. Direct lighting is too harsh for this plant and can cause irreversible damage to its leaves. Additionally, direct sun will cause the plants to dry out quicker, which means watering your philodendron more often.
Philodendron Gabby produces leaves with a white and cream variegation on a vibrant green background. However, these hues and patterns have been known to change on this unpredictable Philodendron.
The Philodendron Gabby is a vining or climbing variety and will grow well if given the proper support. This type is also known as ‘Gabby Port’ or ‘Cream Splash’.
Philodendron Black Cardinal
As its name would suggest, the Philodendron Black Cardinal produces dark leaves that are green to almost black in color. The new leaves that emerge have a stunning glossy bronze coloring. This compact Philodendron typically grows no larger than 3 feet tall and 1 ½ feet wide.
The Philodendron Black Cardinal has a slow growth rate and may take up to 10 years before it reaches full maturity. However, this is a good choice for small spaces or areas with low light.
Philodendron Spiritus Sancti
The Philodendron Spiritus Sancti is a rare type that looks a bit different than other Philodendron varieties. It produces long sword-shaped foliage that looks similar to a Kori Blade. These elongated leaves can grow up to two feet long and have a deep bluish-green color.
Provide this plant with at least 6 hours of bright, indirect sunlight. If natural light cannot be provided, use artificial lighting as needed. Whether you use natural sun or artificial lighting, make sure that the Philodendron Spiritus Sancti is not in direct light.
You may also be interested in: Philodendron Light Needs: The Ultimate Guide
Philodendron Dark Lord
The Philodendron Dark Lord produces bright orange leaves that will begin to change to a blood red color and then deep green with a metallic maroon color underneath. It also has bright red stems and can reach heights of between 4 to 5 inches.
The leaves of the Philodendron Dark Lord typically grow between 20 and 22 inches long. Additionally, this Philodendron type can thrive in lower light conditions. Remember, however, that the lower the light, the slower the Philodendron Dark Lord will grow.
The Philodendron Splendid produces the large heart-shaped leaves that Philodendrons are known for. These leaves are deep green with lighter colored veins that run down the rib and arch out to the leaf’s edge. This plant’s foliage also has a velvety texture and can grow up to two feet long and one foot wide.
This plant requires weekly waterings during the spring and summer months. When the Philodendron Splendid goes into its dormant phase, expect to water the plant about once every two weeks. Always check your philodendron’s soil to see how wet or dry it is before you water.
Split Leaf Philodendron
Split Leaf Philodendron has heart-shaped leaves that are round and leathery with deep perforations and clefts. These clefts will grow deeper as the leaf ages, and the leaf itself can grow as wide as 18 inches. While the Split Leaf Philodendron isn’t a variegated type, there are cultivars of this Philodendron that do produce variegated leaves.
The Split Leaf Philodendron needs mild temperatures, weekly waterings, high humidity, and bright light. Just make sure that you don’t place the Philodendron in direct light or overwater the plant.
Philodendron Pink Princess
The Philodendron Pink Princess produces stunning heart-shaped leaves that are purplish-green in color with a vibrant pink variegation. This slow-growing Philodendron can grow up to 4 inches tall and 2 inches wide when mature. The leaves of this plant are about 5 inches wide and 8 inches long.
Bloody Mary Philodendron
The Bloody Mary Philodendron has red stems and produces leaves that emerge burgundy and start to darken to a deep red as the plant matures. These leaves typically reach two to four inches long and up to two inches wide.
At maturity, the Bloody Mary Philodendron can grow up to nine inches wide and 12 feet long. The plant will, however, need its ideal growing requirements to reach this height.
White Princess Philodendron
The White Princess Philodendron is a variegated variety that produces glossy, deep green leaves with a white splash-like pattern. It is a climbing type that benefits from some sort of structure to climb up, such as a moss pole.
The White Princess Philodendron can spread one to two feet wide and reach heights of up to three feet at maturity.
Philodendron White Knight
The Philodendron White Knight is another variegated variety that has deep green rounded leaves with large splotches of white. These leaves can reach up to 1 ½ feet long, and the plant itself can grow up to 10 feet tall. However, because the Philodendron White Knight is a slow grower, it can take many years before it reaches maturity.
Burgundy Princess Philodendron
The Burgundy Princess Philodendron produces dark green leaves with a burgundy hue and speckled with light pink spots. It is often called a Blushing Philodendron because of its burgundy hue. This is a variegated Philodendron that can grow up to 1 to 2 feet tall.
Burgundy Princess needs temperatures that are warm, and cannot tolerate temps lower than 60 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods of time. Additionally, it needs a humidity environment, so expect to keep the humidity in the room where the plant is growing at 50 percent or above. Regular watering is needed as well, but care must be taken not to water the plant too much as it is susceptible to overwatering.
Caramel Marble Philodendron
The Caramel Marble Philodendron produces leaves that have a saw tooth-edge and a stunning marbled variegation in hues of forest green, caramel brown, and cream. The leaves of this slow growing plant can grow up to 14 inches wide and 2 feet long.
Caramel Marble is not a difficult plant to grow, but does require a certain level of care to ensure the plant is healthy and strong. Water the plant once a week or whenever the soil starts to dry out, keep the humidity high and the temperatures warm, fertilize your philodendron once every 4 to 6 weeks during its active growing season, and keep it out of direct light.
Elephant Ear Philodendron
The Elephant Ear Philodendron produces large, elephant ear-like foliage that can grow up to 9 inches wide and 22 inches long. These glossy leaves have an arrow-shape and can quickly make any room appear like a tropical getaway. The overall size of the entire plant can reach up to 6 feet tall.
The large plant needs plenty of warm weather to survive. While it is hardy in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9 to 11, it is most often grown indoors. Keep in mind, however, that the Elephant Ear Philodendron is a bit larger than most other types of Philodendron and will need an abundance of room to grow its large leaves.
Green Congo Philodendron
The Green Congo Philodendron has dark green, glossy leaves that are thick and spaced close to one another. This is a self-growing variety that will spread outward as the plant grows. It can reach up to four feet tall.
The Green Congo Philodedron requires bright, indirect sunlight, warm temperatures, and high levels of humidity. Subjecting this plant to low temps and low humidity can cause stress to the Philodendron and even lead to death.
Imperial Red Philodendron
The Imperial Red Philodendron has oval-shaped, leathery leaves that start out as bright red and deep burgundy to reddish purple as it ages. It’s final coloring is a glossy, dark green. This is a compact Philodendron that has a bushy growth rate and can reach up to 40 inches tall.
The Imperial Red is another Philodendron type that can grow well in lower light conditions. Remember, however, that the lower the light the slower the plant will grow.
Lemon Lime Philodendron
The Lemon Lime Philodendron produces chartreuse-colored to bright yellow foliage on stems that have a cascading nature. These stems are rather long and can even reach up to 12 feet! Because of this, the Lemon Lime Philodendron may require regular pruning to help control its size.
As with other Philodendron types, the Lemon Lime Philodendron does require humidity levels of at least 40-percent. With that said, however, the higher the humidity level the better! If possible, try to increase the humidity level to about 60-percent for this plant.
Lickety Split Philodendron
The Lickety Split Philodendron is not your average-looking Philodendron. While it does have large leaves, these leaves, which are glossy green, have deep splits on all its sides. Additionally, each leaf is unique and no two will have the exact appearance as the last.
While the Lickety Split Philodendron does grow best in full sun, it can also tolerate some shade. When given its ideal lighting requirements, however, it can grow up to 36 inches tall and 24 inches wide.
Mottled Dragon Philodendron
Also known as the ‘Golden Dragon’, the Mottled Dragon Philodendron produces green leaves with a mottled pattern in hues of gold. This Philodendron type can grow up to 25 inches tall, though most only reach 12 to 16 inches tall.
The Mottled Dragon Philodendron is a climbing plant and will grow best if you give it a moss pole or some other sturdy structure to grow upward on.
The Neon Philodendron produces heart-shaped leaves with a bright greenish-yellow color that resembles neon colors, thus its name. This is a smaller Philodendron variety, reaching between 8 to 12 inches tall and 6 to 13 inches wide.
Keep the Neon Philodendron away from areas where the temperature drastically fluctuates. Areas such as near heating and cooling vents or next to drafty windows are not a good chance for this plant, since the sudden change in temperature can throw the Philodendron into shock.
Paper Gold Black Philodendron
The Paper Gold Black Philodendron is a sight to see! This vining philodendron produces iridescent dark green to almost black leaves that are adorned with pale green veins. These leaves measure about 2 inches long when mature, and the entire plant reaches about 4 to 6 feet tall.
The Paper Gold Black Philodendron requires the same level of care that most other Philodendrons need. This means mild temperatures that are warm and consistent, higher levels of humidity, indirect but bright light for at least 6 hours a day, and weekly watering.
The Philodendron Atom is a compact Philodendron that is non-vining and has an upright habit. It produces dense clumps of leaves that are dark green and firm. These leaves have wavy edges that become deeply lobed as the leaf ages.
This is a smaller plant than other Philodendron varieties, and reaches only about 12 to 24 inches tall and wide. Despite its smaller size, the Philodendron Atom still requires the same growing conditions as larger types.
The Philodendron Autumn produces stunning bronze and copper-colored foliage that matures to a mild green color. Its large glossy leaves resemble the colors of autumn leaves, thus the name Philodendron Autumn. At its maturity, this Philodendron type can reach three to four feet tall and three to four feet wide.
For optimal growth, place the Philodendron Autumn in an area where it will receive bright, indirect light, humidity levels of at least 50 percent, and temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees. Additionally, keep the Philodendron away from areas where the temperature will fluctuate drastically.
Philodendron Atabapoense has ruffled leaves that are a darker green than most of the other Philodendron types. These leaves are elongated and thinner than traditional Philodendrons, and the underside of the Philodendron Atabapoense’s leaves have a maroon coloring. This climbing plant grows between 4 and 8 feet tall.
If you decide to grow the Philodendron Atabaponse indoors, you will need to mimic its natural environment as closely as possible. This means high levels of humidity, keeping its soil moist but not waterlogged, and temperatures that are warm and mild.
Philodendron Bob Cee
The Philodendron Bob Cee has been a mystery for a long time. It wasn’t until recently that experts found out who exactly this hybrid plant’s parents were. Philodendron Bob Cee is a combination of Philodendron squamiferum and Philodendron Micans.
The Bob Cee Philodendron is a fast grower that produces large saw-tooth leaves that are segmented and long. In fact, this plant’s leaves can grow up to 4 feet long.
Philodendron Brandi, whose scientific name is Philodendron brandtianum, is a rare vining Philodendron variety that produces heart-shaped leaves with stunning emerald green and powdery silver markings. It is this coloring that has given the Philodendron Brandi the nickname of Silver Leaf Philodendron.
The Philodendron Brandi is a slow growing Philodendron, but it can reach up to five feet tall at maturity. Just be warned that it could take years before this plant gets close to that height.
Philodendron Burle Marx
The Philodendron Burle Marx can be grown as either a vining Philodendron or a shrub. It has a low-growth habit and produces bright, shiny green leaves on red stems. Burle Marx grows in clumps and can reach up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide.
Philodendron Burle Marx is a humidity-loving plant that thrives when you give it a humidity level of above 50 percent. It also needs bright to medium indirect light and should never be subjected to direct light as it will damage this plant’s leaves. Burle Marx also needs well-draining soil and loves when its soil is moist but not soggy.
Philodendron Calkins Gold
The Philodendron Calkins Gold is another hard to find variety that produces lance-shaped leaves that have a vibrant yellow coloring and mottled green markings. Calkins Gold is a good Philodendron type for beginners since it is easy to grow. Unfortunately, it can be a bit difficult to get your hands on this plant since it is not as readily available.
Philodendron Camposportoanum is often confused with Philodendron Micans since both plants are smaller than other Philodendron types and they both have velvety leaves. However, you can tell the difference between these two by looking at the underside of their leaves.
The underside of the Philodendron Camposportoanum’s leaves have an orange to pinkish hue, while the Philodendron Micans have a purple hue.
If you’re looking for a robust and hardy Philodendron, then consider the Philodendron Congo. This compact Philodendron has a clumping habit and produces thick crimson-green leaves with a glossy sheen. When new leaves emerge, they have a ruby red coloring, which will change to green as the leaves age.
Even though it is considered a hardy variety, the Philodendron Congo does still need a certain level of care if you want to successfully grow this plant. Its ideal growing conditions include high humidity levels, which can be achieved with a drip tray, misting the plant’s leaves, or running a humidifier, warm temperatures that do not fall below 60 degrees, indirect light, and regularly waterings.
The Philodendron Cordatum is a vining Philodendron that grows quickly and does well climbing up trellis or growing in a hanging basket. When the new leaves of this plant first unfurl, they have a dark burgundy color, which will change to a deep green as the leaves age.
Provide the Philodendron Cordatum with once a week waterings, indirect light that is either bright or medium, 50 percent or above humidity levels, temperatures that fall between 65 and 85 degrees, and fertilizer once a month during the spring and summer months.
The Philodendron Crassinervium is a stunning Philodendron variety that produces narrow leaves that are long and point upward. These leaves resemble spears, have a bright green coloring, and can grow up to 3 feet long and 4 inches wide.
Philodendron Cream Splash
The Philodendron Cream Splash produces dark green, heart-shaped leaves with a cream, yellow, and light green variegation. These markings are typically near the middle of the leaf and make it look like the plant has been painted. The Philodendron Cream Splash is sometimes confused with the Philodendron Brasil, but that plant has a lime green variegation instead.
Philodendron Deja Vu
The Philodendron Deja Vu has large green-colored leaves that are elongated and somewhat unusual. Each leaf is deeply serrated, making this plant look frilly and unusual. Philodendron Deja Vu is a small variety, reaching less than 4 feet tall. In most cases, this plant doesn’t get bigger than 24 inches when grown indoors.
Philodendron Deja Vu is like most other Philodendron types when it comes to its needs and requirements. This plant grows the best when the temperature is warm and the humidity levels are high. It also needs indirect light, light and airy soil that drains wells, and watering whenever the top inch or two of soil starts to dry.
The Philodendron Distantilobum is not your unusual Philodendron and is actually pretty rare. It is produces large green leaves with a glossy sheen and a finger-like shape. It is these fenestrated leaves that make it easy to distinguish this Philodendron from others.
Because it is a climbing Philodendron, the Distantilobum will need a moss pole or other support when grown indoors as a houseplant.
Philodendron El Choco Red
Philodendron El Choco Red produces large heart-shaped leaves that are green on the top with a reddish hue. The undersides of new leaves emerge bright red, but will deepen to a reddish green as the leaf matures. Each leaf also has a satin texture and its veins are light green, which makes it easy to see.
When grown indoors, the Philodendron El Choco Red typically reaches a height of up to three feet, but grows taller when in its native habitat.
If you’re looking for an unusual Philodendron to grow, consider the Philodendron Elegans. This plant is known as Skeleton Key Philodendron, thanks to its large, highly pinnate leaves, which can resemble a skeleton’s hand. Each leaf is deep green with a glossy sheen and can grow up to one foot wide and over one foot long.
Philodendron Elegans are not difficult to grow, but you do need to ensure the plant is placed in an sunny room where it will be kept out of direct light. Water the plant about once a week, or whenever the soil begins to dry, and up that humidity level to at least 50 percent.
The Philodendron Eva is a relatively new Philodendron that looks similar to the Philodendron Lemon Lime or the Philodendron Birkin. However, the Philodendron Eva has deep green, pointed leaves instead. The leaves of the Philodendron Eva are more spear shaped without any variegation.
Philodendron Eva needs an abundance of bright, indirect light but can tolerate some low lighting conditions. Just remember that the less light this plant receives, the slower it will grow.
The Philodendron Fibrosum has large circular foliage on hairy stems. This plant is closely related to the Philodendron serpens and the Philodendron verrucosum. Philodendron Fibrosum is native to the wet tropical areas from Ecuador to Colombia.
The leaves of this plant can grow up to 3 inches long and 22 inches wide. They are deep green in color and have that heart-shape that Philodendron’s are known for.
Philodendron Florida Ghost
The Philodendron Florida Ghost is a hybrid variety that produces ghostly white leaves that change color as the leaf matures. These leaves emerge white, changing to yellowish green, and then deep green with a glossy sheen once it matures. The leaf shape is often referred to as ghost-like, which just makes this stunning plant even more unusual.
Florida Ghost is like most other Philodendron types when it comes to its needs. It thrives in bright to medium indirect sunlight, but can also grow under artificial lighting. The Florida Ghost Philodendron also needs regularly watering, warm temperatures, and humidity levels of 50 percent or higher.
The Philodendron Furcatum grows corrugated leaves that give this plant a texture like no other. These leaves are heart-shaped with noticeable veins and a deep green coloring. This is a large plant, growing up to 10 feet tall with leaves that can reach over a foot long. The downside to Philodendron Furcatum is that it does need 100-percent humidity to grow properly.
Along with that extremely high humidity requirement, the Philodendron Furcatum also requires temperatures of at least 65 degrees without going higher than 85 degrees. You will also need to water this plant whenever the soil starts to dry out, and it will need to be kept out of direct light.
Philodendron Gigas produces large, dark green leaves with a velvety texture. These leaves are rather large and can grow up to four feet long in its native habitat. Indoors, the leaves usually get a tad bit smaller.
When grown as a houseplant, the Philodendron Gigas can reach between 8 and 10 feet tall when mature. Since it is a climbing variety, it will need a structure of some sort, such as a moss pole, to help support the plant.
Philodendron Glad Hands
The Philodendron Glad Hands is named after its multi-lobed leaves which feature mid ribs that are thinner than other Philodendron types, which makes the leaf look like a hand. These leaves are segmented, long, and have a delicate appearance.
Glad Hands not only has an unusual appearance, but it is also rather easy to grow. In most cases, this plant can tolerate the humidity levels of the average home. However, for optimal growth, consider raising the humidity to at least 50 percent.
Philodendron Golden Crocodile
The Philodendron Golden Crocodile is a variant of the Philodendron ‘Jungle Boogie’, so it is not uncommon for the two to be confused with one another. However, the Philodendron Golden Crocodile produces vibrant yellow leaves, which makes it easier to distinguish it from ‘Jungle Boogie’.
The Philodendron Golden Crocodile also doesn’t produce those iconic heart-shaped leaves like other Philodendrons. Instead, its leaves are elongated with a jagged edge.
Philodendron Golden Goddess
The Philodendron Golden Goddess is a climbing plant that produces bright chartreuse-colored foliage on vining stems. It is native to Thailand and can reach about six feet tall when grown indoors. It will, however, need support to climb, or you can grow the plant in a hanging basket where its oblong-shaped leaves can cascade down.
The Golden Goddess can be pruned during the spring and summer months if its growth starts to get out of control. You can also prune the plant to remove dead and dying leaves, which will make room for new growth. Just remember to not prune more than ¼ of the plant’s leaves at one time.
Philodendron Horse Head
The Philodendron Horse Head is named after its elongated, lobed leaves that resemble a horse’s face. These leaves can reach lengths of up to 18-inches long and have a leathery texture and glossy sheen. This is a rare philodendron that is also known as the Fiddleleaf Philodendron.
The Horse Head Philodendron does love its soil to stay moist. However, trying to keep the soil moist at all times can increase the chance of overwatering, which will lead to root rot. Because of this, it’s best to let the top 2 inches of soil dry out a bit before watering.
Philodendron Jerry Horne
The Philodendron Jerry Horne produces unusually-shaped leaves, which makes it easy to identity from other Philodendron types. The large leaves are lobed and wing, and have a deep green color. These leaves can grow up to six inches wide and over two feet long.
Despite it looking a bit different than other Philodendron types, the Jerry Horne does still have the same growing conditions as other Philodendrons.
Philodendron Jose Buono
The Philodendron Jose Buono is a variegated Philodendron, producing green leaves that are covered in splotches of white. This is a considered a generally stable variety, which means it is less likely to revert and lose its variegated pattern.
Unfortunately, like other variegated plants, the Philodendron Jose Buono is a slow grower and it can take many years before it reaches it mature height of up to 20 feet.
Philodendron Jungle Fever
Philodendron Jungle Fever is a much-loved plant, producing mottled green foliage and having an clumping, upright form. This plant is also known as ‘Green Moss’ thanks to its pale green and moss-like coloring.
This Philodendron grows well in small containers, although it can result in slower growth and smaller leaves. If you want the Philodendron Jungle Fever to grow a bit faster with larger leaves, consider growing it on a totem or moss pole.
Philodendron Little Hope
Philodendron Little Hope is a dwarf variety, producing deeply serrated leaves that are glossy and vibrant green. Because of its small, compact form, Philodendron Little Hope makes a good choice if you’re looking for a plant for your desk or just need something that won’t take up too much room.
Philodendron Little Hope grows the best when it has 6 or more hours of indirect light. However, it can tolerate some low lighting conditions. Growing this plant in lower levels of light will impact its growth rate and the plant won’t grow as quickly.
The Philodendron Lupinum is a fairly new Philodendron that was discovered in the Amazonian rainforest just a few short years ago. This rare plant produces velvet leaves that start off small and then become glossy and large as the plant ages.
Philodendron Lupinum is a tropical plant that is native to warm and humid environments. This means you will need to provide the plant with this type of growing environment to ensure it is healthy and strong.
The Philodendron Majestic is a hybrid cultivar, created by crossing Philodendron sodiroi and Philodendron verrucosum. It produces heart-shaped velvet leaf blades with a dark green coloring splashed with a silvery pattern.
Philodendron Majestic does require temperatures that are between 65 and 85 degrees with a humidity level of no less than 50 percent. Furthermore, you shouldn’t place the plant in direct sunlight as it will damage its delicate foliage.
The Philodendron Majesty is a dark leaf Philodendron variety, produces extremely dark green leaves. These leaves are narrow and sharp with a spearhead-like shape. Each leaf can reach up to four inches wide and eight inches long.
Philodendron Majesty isn’t a heavy feeder, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t give this plant a little fertilizer every so often. A good general rule of thumb is to feed the plant once a month during its active growing season. Use a liquid fertilizer with an equal NPK ratio, and stop all feeding when the plant goes into its dormant period.
The Philodendron Grazielae produces glossy green heart-shaped leaves that can grow up to four inches in diameter. This climbing variety also has thick, upright stems but the entire plant usually only grows to about three feet tall, which makes it a good choice for small spaces.
Philodendron Grazielae cannot tolerate cold or frost, and will need to be grown indoors unless you live in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9 to 11. Even in these zones, you must protect the plant from any potential frost that may occur.
The Philodendron Hastatum is another unusual-looking Philodendron variety, thanks to its silver foliage that has a metallic appearance to it and lance-shape. Each leaf blade can grow up to 40 inches long. It is because of these leaves that the plant has the common name of Philodendron ‘Silver Sword’.
Just as with other Philodendrons, the Philodendron Hastatum is susceptible to overwatering, which can quickly kill the plant. Thankfully, waiting until the top 2 inches of the plant’s soil is dry before watering will go a long way to prevent overwatering.
The Philodendron Ilsemanii is a variegated variety that produces green leaves with a mottled yellowish white variegation, which gives it the nickname Mottled Ilsemanii. These leaves are large, pointed, and slender. One thing that makes this plant a stunning addition to your indoor garden is that the variegation pattern varies from one leaf to the next.
Philodendron Ilsemanii needs bright to medium light that is indirect, which means you cannot set this plant in direct light. It should also be watered about once a week during the spring and summer, and then once every 10 to 14 days in the winter when the plant isn’t actively growing.
The Philodendron Mia is a new Philodendron that was just introduced in 2020. It looks similar to the Philodendron Birkin, with its emerald green foliage. However, the Philodendron Mia doesn’t have the white variegation that Philodendron Birkin has. Philodendron Mia is also known as the ‘Green Princess’ and has a small stature, reaching heights of about one to two feet tall.
If you want to be successfully growing the Philodendron Mia, you will need to keep the plant in a room that stays warm and has a humidity level of no less than 50 percent. You can help increase the humidity by running a humidifier in the room. Setting the plant on a drip tray will also keep the humidity high.
The Philodendron Moonlight is a hybrid Philodendron that produces bright green leaves that have an almost fluorescent appearance. Newly emerged leaves have a reddish hue that will change to emerald green as the leaf matures. This is a smaller Philodendron, reaching heights and widths of only about 20 to 26 inches.
While the Philodendron Moonlight can handle some shade, it grows the best when it receives at least 6 hours of medium to bright indirect light. This can be either natural sunlight or artificial lighting.
The Philodendron Maximum produces large arrow-shaped leaves that are between three and five feet long. These leaves are glossy green with creamy colored veins. While the plant does have short, thick stems, the Philodendron Maximum can grow up to 16 feet tall in its native habitat.
The Philodendron Maximum is one of the largest Philodendron types and is native to the tropical forests of South America.
The Philodendron Mayoi produces deeply lobed foliage with a deep green coloring, rubbery texture, and glossy sheen. The shape of the leaves look similar to palm tree leaves, and can reach up to 21 inches long when mature.
The common name for this plant is Fern-Like Philodendron and it can grow up to four feet tall when mature. It also has a mounding growth pattern, and works well when allowed to climb or grow in a hanging basket.
Philodendron Mccolley’s Finale
The Philodendron Mccolley’s Finale is a hybrid cultivar that produces oval-shaped, long leaves that start out bright red to bright orange and then change to a vibrant green as the leaf ages. One thing that makes the Philodendron Mccolley’s Finale different from other Philodendrons is that it grows from the center.
This is a rather small Philodendron, growing up to 20 inches tall. It’s compact size makes it a good choice for small spaces, and its ability to tolerate shade means it can grow in some low light conditions.
The Philodendron Mcdowell is a cross between Philodendron ecuadoriana and Philodendron gloriosum, so it is no surprise that it can be confused between those two Philodendron varieties. How you can tell the difference between these plants is that the Philodendron Mcdowell produces heart-shaped dark green leaves that have white veins and grow up to 26 inches long.
Philodendron Prince Of Orange
The Philodendron Prince Of Orange is a fairly new hybrid cultivar that produces orange to rust colored leaves that change to shades of green as the leaf matures. This plant has a clumping form, producing rosettes that hug the ground. Philodendron Prince Of Orange is a compact variety, reaching heights of no more than 24 inches when grown indoors.
Despite its newness, the Philodendron Prince Of Orange still requires the same level of care as older Philodendron varieties. So, if you are currently growing other Philodendron types, you can easily add this newer hybrid variety to your indoor garden.
Philodendron Super Dwarf Red
Philodendron Super Dwarf Red holds the title of the smallest Philodendron variety, reaching less than 2 feet tall. The stems are sphere-shaped with a green coloring, and typically grow one to two inches long. It has a clumping form and is considered a rare Philodendron.
Even though it is a dwarf variety, the Philodendron Super Dwarf Red still needs the same care as regular Philodendron types. This means warm temperatures, high humidity, indirect light, and regular watering.
The Philodendron Tahiti produces large leaves that are deeply cut, giving the leaf blade a jagged appearance, with a deep green coloring. At maturity, this plant can reach up to four feet tall and four feet wide. Philodendron Tahiti has a cascading to mound-like habit and can tolerate some shade.
One of the benefits of growing the Philodendron Tahiti is that it isn’t susceptible to many problems, expect for overwatering. Overwatering the Philodendron Tahiti is one of the quickest ways to kill the plant. Thankfully, you can prevent overwatering by always checking the soil before watering.
You may also be interested in: Fertilizing Your Philodendron: The Ultimate Guide
The Philodendron Tenue is native to Venezuela and Nicaragua, and produces leaves that are deep green with a ripped texture. Each leaf can grow up to three feet long on stems that are between 10 and 40 inches long. Because the stem length can vary so greatly from one to another, it gives the Philodendron Tenue an interesting look that can change throughout the year.
Expect to provide the Philodendron Tenue with warm temperatures throughout the year, weekly waterings during the spring and summer months, humidity levels of at least 40-percent, and bright indirect sun.
Philodendron Tiger Tooth
The Philodendron Tiger Tooth produces narrow and long leaves that have a toothed edge, thus its name. It is a fast growing Philodendron, reaching up to three feet tall and 10 inches wide when grown indoors. The Philodendron Tiger Tooth is also sometimes called ‘Narrow Tiger Tooth’ and ‘Narrow Escape’.
Even though it goes by different names, the Philodendron Tiger Tooth has the same growing requirements as other Philodendrons. It can tolerate some low light conditions, but you should aim to give it at least 6 hours of indirect light. This will help ensure the plant is strong and healthy.
The Joepii Philodendron is native to the South American rain forest and produces three-lobed shaped leaves. The leaves look as though they have been damaged by dragging or chewing, and they can reach up to 27 inches long.
Because this plant is rather rare, you may not run across it as you would other Philodendron types. That doesn’t mean, however, that you won’t be able to find it. There are currently several online merchants who sell this plant and can ship it right to your door.
Philodendron Whipple Way
The Philodendron Whipple Way is grown for its variegated leaves that are very pale. The leaves emerge white and then start to fade to a pale green as the leaf ages. The downside to the Philodendron Whipple Way is that it is an extremely slow grower and it can take years before it reaches its mature height of five feet tall.
To ensure your Philodendron Whipple Way lives for many years, give the plant warm temperatures and high humidity levels. During periods of dry conditions, mist the Philodendron’s leaves with water. Additionally, keep the plant out of direct sun and fertilizer once a month during the spring and summer.
Philodendron White Wizard
Philodendron White Wizard is a stunning variegated variety that produces green and bright white variegated leaves. These leaves typically grow between one and eight inches long, and the overall mature height of this plant is up to 10 feet tall. To encourage the plant to grow bigger leaves, you should provide it with a structure, such as a pole or stake, that it can grow on.
The White Wizard isn’t a fussy plant, but it does need a temperature range of between 65 and 75 degrees all throughout the year. Anything above or below this range for long periods of time can throw the plant into stress, which will have a negative impact on its growth. Additionally, trying to grow this plant outside of this range could end up killing the Philodendron White Wizard.
The Philodendron Winterbourn is a dense and compact plant that produces dark red stems. Its leaves are green and shiny with a leathery texture and multiple lobes. A Mature Philodendron Winterbourn can grow up to four feet tall and five feet wide. This plant is also known as Philodendron Xanadu.
To help ensure the plant grows healthy and strong, provide the Philodedron Winterbourn with its ideal growing conditions. This means warm temperatures that do not fall below 60 degrees, humidity of at least 40-percent, water when the soil becomes dry, and indirect sun.
Red Emerald Philodendron
The Red Emerald Philodendron is a climbing type that produces narrow and long green leaves that are highlighted by red hues. These leaves emerge from red wine-colored stems. The plant can reach up to 12 feet tall when mature and is considered fairly easy to grow.
Red Emerald Philodendrons do need regular waterings to keep the plant from drying out. With that said, however, you should avoid watering too much since it is also susceptible to overwatering, which will lead to root rot. A good general rule of thumb is to water the plant deeply once a week during its active growing period.
Red Moon Philodendron
The Red Moon Philodendron is an extremely rare Philodendron that produces red and pale lime splotched leaves. These leaves will begin to darken to a deep green as the leaf ages. This plant can grow up to three feet tall and has a compact, climbing growth habit.
To boost the Red Moon Philodendron’s growth, feed the plant a balanced, liquid fertilizer once a month from early spring until fall. Make sure to use a fertilizer with an equal NPK ratio and then reduce its strength by half. Water the plant thoroughly before feeding to help prevent its roots from being damaged.
Strawberry Shake Philodendron
The Strawberry Shake Philodendron is a variegated variety of the Red Emerald Philodendron. The stems of the Strawberry Shake Philodendron are dark red and its leaves are deep green with cream, pink, bright white, and dark red variegation.
When in its native habitat, the Strawberry Shake Philodendron can grow up to six feet tall. However, it usually doesn’t get any bigger than three feet when grown indoors. You can help it reach its maximum growth rate by giving the Philodendron its ideal growing environment.
Weeks Red Philodendron
The Weeks Red Philodendron is a giant Philodendron that has a rosette shape and spearhead-shaped leaves. These leaves grow from red spotted stems and they can grow to about four feet long. The Weeks Red Philodendron can reach heights of up to six feet tall when grown indoors, and it can get even wider. So expect to give this plant plenty of space to spread out.
If you want to ensure your Weeks Red Philodendron thrives, you will need to place it in the right spot indoors. The best indoor location for this Philodendron is a sunny room where it can receive at least 6 hours of indirect light. The room should also be warm with a high humidity and no drastic temperature fluctuations.
Philodendron Paraiso Verde
The Philodendron Paraiso Verde is another rare Philodendron that can grow up to 10 feet tall during one season. It is a variegated variety that produces bright green leaves with white to light green variegation. These leaves are heart-shaped, narrow and elongated with a wavy texture.
The daytime temperature for this plant should be kept between 75 and 85 degrees, while the nighttime temperature should fall between 65 and 70 degrees. Additionally, because this plant is susceptible to overwatering, you should always check that the soil is dry before watering.
Philodendron Pink Congo
The Philodendron Pink Congo is a cultivar of the Philodendron Tatei, and produces stunning leaves that emerge bright pink but change to green as it ages. It is a fairly new plant that looks similar to the Philodendron Pink Princess. However, Pink Congo has pointer leaves and new leaves emerge fully pink.
The best place for the Philodendron Pink Congo is in a sunny room where it won’t be in direct sunlight. Direct sunlight can quickly damage the Pink Congo’s leaves, causing burns and scorching. Once these leaves are damaged, there is no fixing them and you will need to prune them off the plant.
The Philodendron Callosum is native to Venezuela, the Guiana Shield, and northwest Brazil. They can be recognized by their round and elongated leaves, which look similar to some Hoya varieties. The Callosum differs from other Philodendrons in that it is not a particularly good climber, since its leaves spread outward along the ground.
This Philodendron is hardy in USDA Hardiness zones 9 through 11. They should, however, be brought inside if it gets below freezing because they are not cold-hardy and won’t survive a frost. Most people grow this plant indoors to prevent it from becoming damaged due to improper temperatures and weather.
Philodendron Erubescens is a tropical indoor plant that looks beautiful in your home or workplace. It is native to Costa Rica, Central America, and South America. With the right growing conditions, this Philodendron can become an aggressive climber.
It produces narrow green leaves with red accents and undersides. While it doesn’t often flower inside, when it does, it produces rich crimson blossoms that are striking against the deep green leaves. Although this Philodendron doesn’t need much upkeep, gardeners who wish to control its size can prune the plant as needed.
Philodendron Hope Selloum
The Philodendron Hope Selloum plant, also referred to as the Lacey Tree, is a lovely complement to any indoor setting. It is a South American native that grows beautifully as an ornamental plant in areas with milder climates.
It produces elongated, slender, green leaves that are heavily lobed. The Philodendron Hope Selloum can grow up to five feet tall when grown indoors and its leaves can measure up to four feet long. With proper care, the Philodendron Hope Selloum can live for over 20 years.
The Patriciae is a remarkable Philodendron plant that is beloved by many plant lovers. Its unique foliage is a sight to behold, with its dark, intense color and rippled-textured leaves. It produces green leaves with white-pink hues on pinkish-red stems.
The Patriciae is relatively low-maintenance and can adapt to various environments, making it an ideal plant for any home or garden. It is native to Columbia and is considered a rare Philodendron, so trying to find this plant local can be difficult.
Philodendron Plowmanii produces large heart-shaped leaves in various hues of dark green, lime green, and yellow. These leaves create a tropical display like no other plant and can quickly transform the entire look of a room.
This Philodendron variety is native to Peru and Ecuador, and will bloom in these native habitats, producing deep purple, red, and even dark violet flowers. However, it is extremely rare for blooms to occur when grown as a houseplant.
Philodendron Rugosum is a climbing plant that is coming close to being endangered thanks to its natural habitat diminishing. It originated in Ecuador and can grow up to 15 feet tall when given the right growing conditions.
Philodendron Rugosum is known as Pig Skin Philodendron thanks to its leathery, thick leaves that wrinkle as it matures. These leaves have a vibrant green color and an oval shape.
Philodendron Ring Of Fire
Philodendron Ring Of Fire is a hybrid variety created by combining Philodendron Tortum with Philodendron Wendlandii. It produces variegated leaves in hues of cream and white, bright red and orange, and dark and light green. Every leaf that it produces is unique, which makes this stunning plant even more desirable.
Philodendron Ring Of Fire is also known as Henderson’s Pride, and its leaves are long with jagged edges. Because it is a variegated type, the Ring Of Fire will need at least 6 hours of indirect sunlight to help keep its coloring.
Philodendron Tripartitum is native to Mexico and Central America, and it produces leaves that are semi-glossy and measure up to one foot in diameter. These leaves are lobed and can vary from dark to bright green and even grayish green in color.
One interesting thing about the Philodendron Tripartitum is that its leaves and stems have a pleasant odor. Since this is a climbing type, you should give the plant a moss pole or trellis to climb up. Additionally, keep the Philodendron Tripartitum out of direct sun if you don’t want to damage or discolor its leaves.
The Philodendron pachycaule is native to tropical and subtropical areas with moist forests. It produces large, heart-shaped leaves, which are iconic for Philodendrons. Philodendron pachycaule is not often kept as a houseplant, and not much is known about this variety. Unfortunately this Philodendron type is threatened by habitat loss
The Philodendron martianum goes by many names, including Pacova, Fat Boy, and Flask Philodendron. This plant produces thick stems and leathery foliage. This Philodendron variety produces larger blooms and is more likely to flower than some other Philodendrons. The Philodendron martianum can grow to a little over 3 feet tall, but it doesn’t have the heart-shaped leaves that a lot of other Philodendrons have. Instead, its leaves are shaped more like the head of a lance.
The Philodendron ventricosum is native to Ecuador and thrives in tropical and subtropical habitats. It has a climbing nature and is often praised for its air-purifying qualities. It produces emerald-green, heart-shaped leaves on rope-like stems. The Philodendron ventricosum can grow up to 25 inches tall once it reaches maturity. Like most other Philodendron types, this variety can produce spathes that are white and green. Although it isn’t as common when growing indoors.
This type of Philodendron plant produces velvety, heart-shaped leaves that have a light green hue. These leaves also have a ribbed texture and can grow 4 to 5 inches wide and about 7 inches long. This plant is a rare Philodendron variety and not as readily available as some of the other types.
Philodendron pogonocaules is a vine-type plant whose vines can grow up to 60 inches tall. The Philodendron pogonocaule is another type of Philodendron threatened with extinction because of habitat loss.
Like several of other Philodendron varieties on our list, the Philodendron pogonocaule is not often grown as a houseplant. In most cases, this type of Philodendron is found growing up trees in tropical forests of South America.
The Philodendron cruentospathum produces heart-shaped leaves and is native to Ecuador. It thrives in warm, humid environments, and requires moist soil that isn’t soggy. Unfortunately, the Philodendron cruentospathum is susceptible to overwatering, but you can prevent this from occurring by letting the soil dry out a bit between waterings.
The Philodendron gualeanum produces thin leaf blades which are ovate and rounded in shape. This plant thrives in bright, indirect sunlight and needs well-drained soil that isn’t too compact. It grows best when it has a temperature range of 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, but it can tolerate temperatures as low as 55 degrees for a short period of time.
Like some of the other Philodendron types on our list, the Philodendron gualeanum is at risk of extinction thanks to the loss of its habitat.
The Philodendron balaoanum has unusual heart-shaped leaves that are longer and skinnier than traditional Philodendrons. These leaves are deep green in color and have a vein running down the middle. This is a rare Philodendron variety and requires partial sun to partial shade, with warm temperatures between 55 and 85 degrees and 70 percent humidity.
The Philodendron musifolium is a rare Philodendron type that is native to Colombia. It produces long narrow leaves in a vibrant green color. This is another Philodendron that is being threatened due to the loss of its habitat.
If you’re lucky enough to get your hands on this plant, expect to provide weekly waterings, temperatures between 65 and 85 degrees, and humidity levels of above 60 percent. You should also apply a balanced fertilizer once a month during the spring and summer months.
Philodendron hooveri is a rare Philodendron that isn’t usually kept as a houseplant. In fact, not a lot is known about this tropical evergreen.
As I am sure you are aware by now, there are several different Philodendron varieties that could potentially disappear thanks to habitat loss. Unfortunately, Philodendron hooveri is another Philodendron that may not be around for much longer.
Philodendron chimboanum is native to tropical and subtropical forests where the environment is warm and humid throughout the entire year. The Philodendron chimboanum produces large heart-shaped leaves that are a bit wider than traditional Philodendrons. This plant is typically found growing up trees, poles, and other structures.
Unfortunately, the Philodendron chimboanum is not usually grown indoors. This means it can be difficult to find this plant for sale. Because of this, you may be better off purchasing a more common Philodendron variety.
The Philodendron validinervium is a climbing variety that grows in wet tropical areas. It produces lush, heart-shaped foliage in vibrant shades of green. The Philodendron validinervium is another rare Philodendron that is threatened by the loss of its habitat.
The Philodendron quitense has heart-shaped leaves that are a little thinner than traditional Philodendrons. These leaves are deep green in color and can grow several inches long. The Philodendron quitense is native to tropical South America and thrives in warm temperature, mild weather, and high humidity.
Not much else is known about the Philodendron quitense, except that this plant is threatened by habitat loss, which means it may no longer exist in the near future.
The Philodendron riparium has a climbing habit, and is often found growing up poles, trees, and other structures. It produces thick, green foliage that are broad and oblonged. Philodendron riparium is a rare plant that is not commonly used as a houseplant.
The Philodendron riparium is native to wet, tropical forests in Ecuador. It needs warm temperatures, high humidity, and moist soils to thrive.
The Philodendron pachycaule produces narrow oblong leaves that can grow between 7 and 12 inches long and up to 4 inches wide. These leaves are adorned with an abundance of lateral veins. Like other Philodendrons, the pachycaule needs humid and warm conditions with regular waterings.
Like many of the other Philodendrons on our list, the Philodendron pachycaule is not usually kept as a houseplant and is considered rare. If you’re looking for a Philodendron that is more common than the Philodendron pachycaule but looks similar, consider the Philodendron Golden Goddess instead.